Tignanello

Vintage

Classification

Toscana IGT

Blend

80% Sangiovese, 15% Cabernet Sauvignon, 5% Cabernet Franc

Climate

Spring was cold and damp until mid June. The weather then improved and the month of July until mid August was hot and dry. After mid August until mid September, temperatures were below average with some rain. After that time the weather greatly improved and was sunny, dry and very warm. Overall this meant that the grapes were in fact able to ripen perfectly. It was necessary, however, to carry out a severe selection and thinning of the grapes before the harvest, in order to ensure that the grapes remaining on the vines at the time of harvest had the desired good quality. Quantities were generally below average.

Vinification

The Tignanello vineyard is among the last to be harvested, and only painstakingly selected grapes are used in this eponymous wine. The Cabernets were harvested from September 18 and the Sangiovese a week later. The grapes were vinified separately and new methods were used, which guarantee a very gentle processing. Maceration took place in 50 hectoliter open wooden fermentors with periodic cap submersion for better extraction of colour, complexity and softer tannins. During this time (15 days for the Sangiovese and 20 days for the Cabernets), the wine completed its alcoholic fermentation at a temperature never exceeding 30°C. The wine was then transferred into 225 liter French oak barrels (new and one-year- old Troncais and Alliers), where malolactic fermentation was terminated by the year's end. The wines were then racked, blended and returned to the barriques for about 14 months of aging, after which time they were bottled and aged for a further 12 months before release.
Alcohol : 13,0% Vol.

Historical data

The original Super-Tuscan, Tignanello is produced exclusively from the Tignanello vineyard, a 47 hectares (116 acres) southwest-facing, calcareous rocky-marl and limestone soil plot with tufaceous elements, planted between 1,150 and 1,312 feet above-sea level at Antinori's Tignanello Estate. It was the first Sangiovese to be aged in small oak barrels, the first red wine in modern times to use a non-traditional grape variety, Cabernet, in the blend, and among the first red wines made in Chianti with no white grapes. In all three instances, it set the example for a new breed of exceptional top-of-the-line Italian wine.
Tignanello, originally a Chianti Classico Riserva labeled Vigneto Tignanello, was first vinified as a single vineyard wine in the 1970 vintage, when it contained 20% Canaiolo and 5% Trebbiano and Malvasia, and was aged in small oak cooperage. With the 1971 vintage the wine became a Vino da Tavola della Toscana and was named Tignanello after the vineyard from which it originates. Beginning with this vintage, Tignanello stopped adhering to the rules laid down by Chianti Classico Disciplinare, and with the 1975 vintage, white grapes were totally eliminated. Since the 1982 vintage, the blend has been 80% Sangiovese, 15% Cabernet Sauvignon and 5% Cabernet Franc. Tignanello was not produced in the 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1984 and 1992 vintages.

Tasting notes

Plum/cassis smoky nose, full-bodied, rich and complex, with exceptional structure and lengthy finish.

Awards

Vinalies d'Argent

VINALIES INTERNATIONALES Feb. 1999

1999 France